What is now Ecuador formed part of the northern Inca Empire until the Spanish conquest in 1533. Quito became a seat of Spanish colonial government in 1563 and part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada in 1717.
Population: 14,573,101 (July 2009 est.)
Language: Spanish (official), Amerindian languages (especially Quechua)
Time zone: UTC-5
Chief of State: President Rafael CORREA Delgado
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